Guidance > Monitoring Guidance
Practical River Restoration Appraisal Guidance for Monitoring Options
This guidance document aims to assist all practitioners in the process of setting monitoring objectives as part of a river restoration project. Starting with advice on setting the overall project objectives, this document takes you through what is appropriate for a range of projects; large and small, simple and complex using information on over 30 techniques.
Because there is a wide range of organisations, with a range of knowledge and abilities, this guidance seeks to include monitoring strategies suitable for different groups. Steps outlined are intended to support technical staff working for competent authorities, consultancies and academic institutions as well as organisations with limited funds, which may need to demonstrate success to Trustees and funders. As a ‘living’ document, the techniques and methods will be updated over time.
To help you set up, structure and organise your monitoring strategy, the RRC has developed a Monitoring Planner.
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“This is a culmination of many years of hard work by the RRC in pulling together monitoring practices from a wide range of groups. The guidance document will be a significant contribution to promoting best practice in river restoration”
Dr. Judy England, Environmental Monitoring Team Leader, Environment Agency.
“PRAGMO will for the first time give us a means of comparing the results and the value for money of different river and wetland restoration projects. That information is priceless in the current economic climate“
Robert Oates, Executive Director, Thames Rivers Restoration Trust.
Find a Chapter
- Section 1 - Purpose
- Section 2 - Document Summary and User Guide
- Section 3 - The context: evidence, your river and policy
- Section 4 - Project objective setting
- Section 5 - Physical and biological process links and limitations
- Section 6 - Determining monitoring objectives - project risk and scale
- Section 7 - Selection of appropriate techniques and methodologies
- Section 8 - Monitoring timescales
- Section 9 - Estimating monitoring costs
- Section 10 - Above and beyond existing data
- Section 11 - Case studies
- Section 12 - Bibliography & References
- Appendices 1 - 14
2.1 Why use this guidance?
2.2 Putting your river restoration project into context
2.3 What is your project aiming to achieve?
2.4 Understanding the links between physical and biological processes
2.5 Determine your 'Specific and Measurable' objectives
2.6 Appropriate level of monitoring for your project
2.7 Which monitoring techniques to use
2.8 How to use this guidance: a step by step outline from objectives to delivery
5.1 The importance of understanding your catchment’s hydrology, water quality and sediment
5.2 Inter-relations between biodiversity and physical habitat
5.3 Interacting components – understanding the connections
7.1 What will your monitoring tell you?
7.2 What level of technique should I use
7.3 Multi-disciplinary methods (see Appendix 8)
7.4 Ecology survey methods (see Appendix 9)
7.5 Fisheries survey methods (see Appendix 10)
7.6 Macrophyte survey methods (see Appendix 11)
7.7 Geomorphology survey methods (see Appendix 12)
7.8 Hydrology survey methods (see Appendix 13)
Appendix 2 - Adaptive Management
Appendix 3 - Literature Review
A3.1 Evidence and knowledge base
A3.2 The big picture
A3.3 Objective setting and monitoring design
A3.4 A question of scale
A3.5 How to proceed?
A3.6 River Restoration Design and Appraisal Process
A3.7 Indirect Literature
Appendix 4 - SMART objectives
Appendix 5 - Hydrology
Appendix 6 - Water Quality
Appendix 7 - Sedimentation
Appendix 8 - Multidisciplinary Monitoring
Appendix 9 - Ecology Monitoring
A9.1 Community Involvement (simple invertebrate assessment)
A9.2 Unit Area Invertebrate Sampling – Surber or Cylinder Samplers
A9.3 Unit-Time Invertebrate Survey
A9.4 River Habitat Survey (RHS)
A9.5 Urban Habitat Survey
Appendix 10 - Fisheries Surveys
Appendix 11 - Macrophyte Surveys
A11.1 Environment Agency Macrophyte Survey Methodology (LEAFPACS)
A11.2 JNCC Standard method for river macrophyte survey and for determining River Community Type (Edited extract from SERCON 2 User’s Guide)
A11.3 Quadrat/NVC methodology
Appendix 12 - Hydromorphology – Geomorphological Surveys
A12.1 Aerial Photography and Satellite Imagery
A12.2 Geo-River Habitat Survey (GeoRHS)
A12.3 Topographic Survey
A12.4 Repeat Cross Sections
A12.5 Geomorphological Mapping
A12.6 Fluvial Audit
Appendix 13 - Hydromorphology – Hydrological Surveys
Appendix 14 - Data Sources
A14 Data Sources