Carbon neutrality

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Carbon neutrality

Carbon neutrality, sometimes termed net zero CO2 emissions, will be achieved when human-driven carbon dioxide emissions are balanced by human-driven removal (over a specified time period).

Carbon dioxide is widely reported as the most important anthropogenic greenhouse gas because it is the most prevalent and accounts for the greatest proportion of warming associated with human activities. However, methane (produced by livestsock farming, fossil fuel extraction, landfills and burning waste) is the most potent greenhouse gas and it’s presence is growing. To achieve net zero emissions, human-driven emissions of all greenhouse gases must be balanced by their human-driven removal.

How does it link to river restoration?

Floodplain restoration can enhance carbon sequestration (the capture, removal and storage of carbon dioxide from the Earth’s atmosphere). There can be no climate neutrality without restored ecosystems (Sinkevičius, 2023).

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